The Brazilian forest products total value reached $5.9 billion in 2015, lower than the $6.1 billion from 2014. The forest products included extractives and forestry.
The forestry-directly related to forests regeneration and planting- accounted for 74.3% of production, equivalent to $4.4 billion, as shown by the data in the survey entitled Forest Products Based on Extractives and Forestry Production (PEVS) in 2015, released by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) on the 27th of October.
The forest products based on extractives-collection of natural products from native forests-accounted for 25.7% ($ 1.5 billion), and despite the drop in revenues compared with 2015, the forest sector, especially the production from planted forests, has achieved 'a dominant position in the national scenario' in recent years, as reported by Mexico Star.
The decline was due to “'the economic crisis in Brazil and in the world, which reduced the current demand of products derived from steel that uses a lot of charcoal from forestry,” as IBGE survey manager Luis Celso Guimaraes explained.
Also, the increased demand for pulp and paper production caused the reduction of steel products and the fall in the export of wood logs.
The four wood products in forestry amounted to $4.2 billion, and the three non-wood, to $93.8 million. Moreover, the share of wood products in products based on extractives reached $1.02 billion and the non-wood totaled $480 million.
As reported by Mexico Star, in forest products based on extractives, 13 products reported a growth in production. And acai palm fruit reported the largest absolute growth, with 17,900 tons more than in 2014. Among the 21 products with largest fall in production, the babassu nuts has stood out, with less than 6 tons produced.
The forest sector now has one of the most important position in the national scenario, generating jobs and income, in recent years. Brazil is the world's fourth largest pulp producer, behind China, the United States and Canada, while the country is also the first in eucalyptus pulp production.
"The favorable climate is a main factor of high forest income earned by the country. In Brazil, a eucalyptus tree is ready to be cut after seven years, while in Chile only after 18,”according to the IBGE.
The main products that stood out in production value remained at the same level, when compared to 2014, and were led by some food products like acai palm fruit ($153.7 million), yerba mate ($126.9 million) and Brazil nut ($34.4 million). Non-wood forest products based on extractives are mostly produced in the North region, especially the acai palm fruit (93.1%) and Brazil nut (94.9%), and in the Northeast region, where the production of babassu nuts (99.7%), piassava fibers (96.1%) and carnauba powder (100%) stood out. In the South region, only two products stood out: yerba mate (99.9%) and pine nut (85.5%), according to Mexico Star.
Charcoal has reported the largest fall in production in 2015, due to the economic crisis. It declined by 21.9%, followed by firewood (6.8%); wood logs, mainly for export (3.2%); and pine-tree-knots (55.3%). Also, the number of Brazilian pine felled trees dropped 40%.
As reported by Mexico Star, the forestry wood production has most of its activities in the Southeast region like the main producer of charcoal (84.6%) and wood logs for pulp and paper (36.9%). The South region accounts for 65.1% of firewood and 66.6% of wood logs for other purposes.
The non-wood forestry products are also mostly produced in the Southeast and South regions-the black-wattle bark is only found in the South region, while the production of eucalyptus leaves (94.7%) and resin (73.7%) are in the Southeast region.